Different Types of Walls Used in House Construction

One consists of an inner and outer layer of foam insulation separated by plastic or steel connectors. Another is made with a composite of cement and another material — recycled polystyrene, for example, or wood chips. Timber framing is a beautiful structural system, and if the wood is gathered on-site, it can also be a very green one.

construction of walls of houses

Bricks, glass, wood, and terracotta are a few examples of partition walls. If you want to set up an office at home, you can use a glass panel as a partition for your office space in the https://techblogcorner.com/2022/11/29/euroinvest-holding-how-to-interest-swiss-developers/ house. They are usually rigid walls built in hilly areas or mountainous terrain, where the slope of the ground and different elevations in the soil make it challenging to build a house.

Once the framework is up and the walls begin to take form, the house comes together quickly. This step can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks, depending on the size and complexity of the home. The final step to bring it all together is applying the primer coat of paint, which varies depending on the finish. The average cost to paint a room is $350 to $850, but a large portion of this cost is labor.

What Is Double-Wall Construction?

Concrete block, AAC, and ICFs produce walls with a higher mass than standard wood-frame construction. Dense materials with high mass tend to be poor thermal insulators — that is, they have fairly low R-values. But that same high mass also can store a lot of heat, thus flattening out temperature extremes. Manufacturers often argue that the “effective R-value” of these wall systems is higher than conventional tests for thermal resistance would indicate.

A concrete wall system limits the infil­tra­tion of outside allergens to the inside of the house. Mold can cause headaches, severe res­pi­ra­to­ry infec­tions, and immune system disorders. Concrete emits less volatile organic compounds (VOC) than wood.

  • After that, add fiberboard sheathing, followed by some sort of house wrap, and finally furring strips and exterior cladding.
  • Without fire-stops, a fire could quickly spread from floor to floor.
  • For walls with more than three inches of any foam or with any thickness of foil-faced polyisocyanurate foam, never include interior polyethylene or other impermeable interior finishes.
  • Exterior walls direct pressure from the roof and structure to a home’s foundation and prevent the house from bowing outward.

The advantages of frame-and-drywall construction over an all-masonry approach are many. Wood, as previously mentioned is a cheap and easily used material, and it’s much lighter than masonry. This facilitates a lot of the construction processes as it reduces time and effort and produces quick results. Unlike heavy timber or brick masonry, wood framing does not require a special set of skills acquired after years of practice. It is flexible and it stretches, causing less damage to the construction and fewer accidents to the inhabitants during an earthquake. Probably, the plasterboards will have to be replaced but the main cell usually stays solid.

Fill the Drywall Seams

On a load-bearing wall, there will be joists straight over each stud, so that the point load of the stud goes all the way to the slab below. Secondly, if there are floor joists above running perpendicular to the wall, it is likely that it is a load-bearing wall. This is basically plaster, applied in two to three coats, and then finished with trowels, brushes, sponges, or other items to give that swirly effect. Staining wood refers to applying pigmented finishes to wood aiming to change color and enhance the appearance of its natural texture and grain. Using proper planning and budgeting from the start of the project, you can achieve your goal of building a good apartment building while keeping within your initial budget estimates.

If you choose to pursue a DIY project, you can buy all of the wall materials needed online. After you do your research, make a list of necessary supplies. Hopefully, by now you see the incredible potential that walls offer. Historically, these structures have been used in a primarily functional manner — each room had four walls which acted as borders between rooms of the house.

First, there is single-wall construction which consists of interior framing, exterior house wrap, and vertical siding. And then there is double-wall construction which consists of interior framing, oriented strand board (OSB) wall sheathing, exterior house wrap, and fiber cement lap or vinyl lap siding. Both of these wall designs are considered to be one standard framed wall – with each design layering the elements mentioned appropriately. Walls in a house construction project are broadly categorised into load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls, based on their functional attributes. A load-bearing wall holds the weight of the house and is, therefore, made of durable construction materials, while a non-load-bearing wall is mostly used to demarcate different rooms inside a house. Apart from these, there are different kinds of wall finishes, based on the design elements.

“Our homeowners enjoy watching the home come together, from pouring the foundation to framing and watching the home take shape,” he says. “Once the home has drywall, they start to visualize themselves living in the space and how they’ll use it — imagining what furniture goes where and how they’ll entertain friends and family there. We don’t often think about walls except as a place to hang pictures, or maybe as something that prevents the downstairs of your house from having an open floor plan with long interior views. You see these headers over all windows and doors — they give the wall enough strength over the window or door to support the roof. When a header spans more than 5 feet, you find double full-length studs on either side of the header instead of the single studs seen here. Jordan Smith is the CEO and Founder of Smith House Company, a design+build firm based in Austin, Texas.